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To cite this page: Even comparison of past observed numbers of Java mouse-deer with those presently observed does not greatly aid researchers because of the high likelihood of inaccuracy in past observations. Dalam bahasa Jawa, hewan ini disebut kancil; sedangkan dalam bahasa Inggris dikenal sebagai Javan mouse-deer This character, Sang Kancil (pronounced “Kahn-cheel”), is a diminutive but wise mouse-deer. The Java mouse-deer (Tragulus javanicus) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the family Tragulidae.When it reaches maturity it is about the size of a rabbit, making it the smallest living ungulate.It is found in forests in Java and perhaps Bali, although sightings there have not been verified. [6] It also has the smallest red blood cells (erythrocytes) of any mammal, and about 12.8% of the cells have pits on them. They are also usually silent; the only noise they make is a shrill cry when they are frightened. [17] Mouse-deer have been observed to live up to 14 years in captivity, but their lifespan in nature is still an open question. Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. [12][11], The Java mouse-deer is endothermic and homoeothermic, and has an average basal metabolic rate of about 4.883 watts. [1], The Java mouse-deer's common scientific name is Tragulus javanicus, although other classification names for it exist, including Tragulus javanica, Cervus javanicus, and the heterotypic synonym Tragulus fuscatus. Retrieved from, Shepard, A. The lesser mouse-deer, Tragulus javanicus, is the smallest living ungulate and it possesses the smallest erythrocytes amongst mammalian species. [6] Additionally, Java mouse-deer have been found to be more prevalent in logged areas than in the more mature forests, and their densities tended to decrease proportionately as the logged forests matured. If you’re looking for information about a species, try

Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, Hayssen, V., & Tienhoven, A. v. (1993). [citation needed] Additionally, some areas of Java which the Java mouse-deer frequents have been protected, yet enforcement of these regulations is still needed. Once acquired, individuals with BVDV can gain lifelong immune tolerance.[18].

[1][3][4][5] The Java mouse-deer is also known by many common names, including Javan chevrotain, Javan mousdeer, or Java Mousedeer. Synonyms for Tragulus Javanicus in Free Thesaurus.

Mammal Species of the World (v3, 2005) link: Tragulus javanicus (Osbeck, 1765) ITIS link: Tragulus javanicus (Osbeck, 1765) IUCN: Tragulus javanicus (Osbeck, 1765) (old web site) (Data Deficient) Images . 2020. Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang kaliwatan sa kapos sa datos.. Kini nga matang hayop na sabwag sa: habagatang Asya; Walay nalista nga matang nga sama niini. Pale white spots or vertical markings are also present on the animal's neck. ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Animal pictures | Facts about mammals. They were 68-390 nm in diameter (135 +/- 65 nm) and appeared in …
To protect themselves and their mates or to defend their territory, mouse-deer slash rivals with their sharp, protruding canine “tusks.” It has also been observed that, when threatened, the Java mouse-deer will beat its hooves quickly against the ground, reaching speeds of up to 7 beats per second, creating a “drum roll” sound. Three species groups of Tragulus have been identified based on craniometric skull analyses and coat coloration patterns. Red blood cells with pits are unique and have not been reported before either physiologically or pathologically. [7] Thus, because of its uniqueness to the island of Java, the Java mouse-deer is now considered a distinct species, although this fact has not significantly affected its current classification.

[6][13] During the day, Java mouse-deer can be seen roaming in crown-gap areas with dense undergrowth of creeping bamboo, through which they make tunnels through the thick vegetation which lead to resting places and feeding areas. National Science Foundation [6][10][11] The weight of the Java mouse-deer ranges from 1 to 2 kilograms (2.2 to 4.4 lb), with males being heavier than females. The evolution of artiodactyls. Pelanduk jawa (Tragulus javanicus) adalah sejenis pelanduk yang hidup terbatas di Pulau Jawa, dan mungkin pula di P. Bali. Tragulus: pictures (4) Tragulus: specimens (15) Species Tragulus javanicus lesser mouse-deer Tragulus javanicus: information (1) Tragulus javanicus: pictures (1) Tragulus javanicus: specimens (7) The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. [9] On average, it takes the young, both male and female, 167 days (~5 months) to reach sexual maturity. There have been unverified reports of sightings on Bali.[1]. (1989). Disclaimer: Ithaca: Cornell University Press, Kingdon, J. 1983. Taxon Information Female Java mouse-deer have an estimated home range of 4.3 hectares (11 acres), while males inhabit, on average, 5.9 hectares (15 acres). Through the destruction of their habitat, as well as from hunting and trapping the mouse-deer for food, their pelts, and for pets, humans have considerably reduced the Java mouse-deer population. Despite appeals for support, just 85 of our 5.6 million users in 2018 made a donation. Topics Contributor Galleries [9] Their diet consists primarily of that which they find on the ground in the dense vegetation they inhabit, and they prefer the plants of the faster-growing gap species over the closed forest understory species, likely due to the increased richness of secondary protective compounds which the gap species provide. Classification. What are synonyms for Tragulus Javanicus?

New York: Sterling, Strawder, N. (2000). 1 synonym for Tragulus Javanicus: napu. East African mammals : an atlas of evolution in Africa. Freely accessible to everyone, over half a million people every month, from over 200 countries, used Arkive to learn and discover the wonders of the natural world. Until their evidence is published, the older name is retained here. The thin, short legs which support the mouse-deer are about the diameter of an average pencil. [16] Additionally, female mouse-deer have the potential to be pregnant throughout most of their adult life, and they are capable of conceiving 85–155 minutes after giving birth. [6], One of the main predators which the Java mouse-deer face is humans.

Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services.
Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. Help us improve the site by taking our survey.

With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. Grants DRL 0089283, DRL 0628151, DUE 0633095, DRL 0918590, and DUE 1122742.

It is found in forests in Java and perhaps Bali, although sightings there have not been verified. Additionally, male Java mouse-deer, in nature, were observed to travel distances of 519 metres (1,703 ft) daily on average, while females average 574 metres (1,883 ft) daily.

[1] Some conservation actions which have been implemented include legally protecting the species, which, although it has been in effect since 1931, makes no significant difference since hunting of Java mouse-deer still occurs. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. [13] The Java mouse-deer's gestation period usually lasts 4.5 months, or 144 days.

These three species groups are Tragulus javanicus, Tragulus napu, and Tragulus versicolor. Male Java mouse-deer are territorial, marking their territory and their mates with secretions from an intermandibular scent gland under their chin. (n.d.). [6] The taxonomic status of the Java mouse-deer is questionable, but recent craniometric analyses have begun to shed light on the taxonomic discrepancies. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts.

Although Java mouse-deer do not possess antlers or horns like regular deer, male Java mouse-deer have elongated, tusk-like upper canines which protrude downward from the upper jaw along the sides of their mouth. Retrieved from, Facts about Lesser Mouse Deer (Tragulus javanicus) - Encyclopedia of Life.


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